Diagnostics is a procedure for determining the presence or absence of disease and classifying into a particular diagnostic category. In this process, symptoms and signs of disease are observed. Symptoms are subjective disorders the patient experiences, and signs are what is objectively noticeable. Diagnostics is the most important stage of treatment as the very essence of diagnosis is the assessment of the overall physical and psychological condition of the patient.
Why do we need diagnostics?
Without good and precise diagnostics, it is impossible to make a correct diagnosis. Therefore, at the very beginning of the treatment of patients with addictive or psychological disorders in our clinic, diagnostics is the first phase. With its help, we reach the assessment of the psychological but also physical condition of the patient.
The standard diagnostic examination includes urine test, tests for hepatitis B and C, for HIV and general blood analysis and ECG examination with an intern physician.
If during the diagnostic process we observe that the patient shows serious deviations in laboratory tests and/or in case of the presence of risk factors, VIP Vorobjev Clinic cooperates with eminent experts and clinics in Serbia to further engage them in more detailed diagnostics and treatment strategy.
In addition to the diagnostics, at our clinic we also provide our patients with more detailed examinations we perform at our partner clinics. In this way, we can provide an MRI, EEG or ultrasound examination, X-ray scanning, endoscopic examinations as well as consultations with cardiologists, neurologists, endocrinologists and other specialists.
These specific diagnostic tests are not included in the cost of treatment and are additionally charged. VIP Vorobjev Clinic also provides you with additional specific laboratory tests to detect the presence of medicines in blood, urine and other body fluids.
Diagnostics in psychiatry is specific compared to somatic medicine diagnostics. While in somatic medicine diagnostics is used to classify somatic conditions, in psychiatry, diagnostics is used to classify mental illnesses.
Since mental disorders have the status of hypothetical constructs, additional care must be taken when diagnosing, as mental disorders and psychiatric disorders are more variable than somatic disorders. Also, in somatic disorders, we have objective indicators of the disorders, in psychiatry we rely on often incomprehensible patient testimonies and the impression of his behavior in different situations.
Another specificity of diagnostics in psychiatry is the very specificity of mental disorders.
Reporting of a patient about his problems is often painful and provocative, both for himself and for his family.
Diagnosis often entails a stigma or a negative attitude towards people suffering from mental disorders. We approach this first step cautiously to minimize the discomfort a psychiatric diagnosis can cause.
Psychodiagnostics refers to the application of diagnostics in the field of clinical psychology supplemented by the description of personality and implications for the treatment of disorders. Psychodiagnostics is the specificity of academic psychology as academic psychology has created instruments by which a person can be evaluated and described.
Psychodiagnostics includes a list of basic information about the patient, a diagnostic interview, and a diverse battery of tests. This helps to assess the intellectual level of a person, personality traits and the presence or absence of mental disorders.
Psychodiagnostics is the basic tool of clinical psychologists who are the only qualified to apply psychodynamic assessment methods, as well as interpret the results they reach with using the methods they use. Whether it is an intellectual deficiency, problems in interpersonal relationships, or behavioral disorders, psychodiagnostics provides psychologists with the means by which they can come to a diagnosis, but also to a comprehensive personality description.
In addition to describing the strengths and weaknesses of the patient, psychodiagnostics also provides useful guidelines for further treatment. Depending on the diagnosis, it is possible to offer a psychotherapy that is the most appropriate for a particular disorder. For example, there is a consensus that a phobia is best cured by behavioral therapy, and that treating addictive disorders requires a multidisciplinary approach.
The key in psychodiagnostics is a good informative question, that is, the question with which we begin the process of clinical assessment, as the clinical assessment should always respond to well-designed and pre-set questions.
Who is psychodiagnostics intended for?
Adult people report on their own initiative or at the recommendation of a psychiatrist or neurologist. In the case of people exhibiting problematic behavior at work, the firm in which the person works can also seek services of psychologists, in particular, psychodiagnostics.
Psychodiagnostics is recommended for:
- People with emotional problems who are constantly in a state of crisis;
- People with panic attacks and constant anxiety;
- People suspected to be suffering from personality disorders;
- People suspected of having a schizophrenia diagnosis;
- People with intellectual deficiencies, poor concentration and attention disorder;
- People manifesting signs of depression for a longer period of time.
How long does the psychodiagnostic process take?
The psychodiagnostic process depends on the number of tests selected and the patient himself.
Long-term testing usually requires effort and causes patient fatigue. In such cases, it is wise to make breaks and divide the testing process into several days. The ultimate outcome of psychodiagnostics is writing a psychological report containing implications for further treatment.
At our clinic, we offer precise psychodiagnostics and treatment plans that we adapt to each patient in order to maximize the efficiency of treatment. Our team of experts consists of psychiatrists and psychologists who will provide you with professional support to successfully deal with mental disorders.
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