Detoxification from heroin is an important step in the treatment of addicts. Heroin is the oldest known psychoactive substance. Even the Sumerians consumed poppy, which produces heroin. What initial effect it brings is indicated by the name itself, because in the literal translation from their language, it has the meaning – “happiness”. The poppy’s magicalRead more
Complex painless opiates detoxification
The goal of opiates detoxification is to cleanse the body and overcome abstinence syndrome, physical crises and pain due to cessation of opioid use.
The treatment is hospital-type and the patient is under doctor supervision for 24 hours a day. At any time, the patient can receive appropriate help, which makes the process maximally painless and pleasant.
There are several different types of opiates detoxification. The type of detoxification is selected individually on the basis of diagnosis and analysis of several important factors: substance and dose consumed, duration of consumption and possibly other health problems of the patient.
Symptoms of opiates addiction
The initial stage of drug addiction is characterized by a loss of control over the use of the substance. A man more and more wants to feel intoxicated. Intoxication becomes the main goal, as society, family, work are becoming less important. Although the family and close friends notice changes, the addict himself persistently denies the negative effects of substance use, is uncritical of his condition, unable to adequately assess the situation, tends to cause conflicts. This indicates formation of a psychic desire for drugs.
In the middle stage, the use of the substance becomes regular. In order to obtain the desired result, higher doses are needed, i.e., tolerance grows. In the absence of the substance, unpleasant, sometimes painful and dangerous physical manifestations of the abstinence syndrome or crisis develop. At this stage, the addict is also able to see the negative side of the use of narcotic drugs, such as: harmed physical and mental condition, conflicts in the family, loss of job, friends.
Most often, at this stage addicts seek help. In the final stage of drug addiction, irreversible changes in the body occur. The consequences of the use of drugs lead to the breakdown of personality, impaired health, dementia, death.
Phases of opiates detoxification
1.Diagnostics – the first and very important phase of treatment. The essence of the diagnostic is to assess the physical and psychological condition of the patient. For the assessment of the patient’s physical condition, a standard diagnostic examination includes:
• urine test
• tests for hepatitis B and C, HIV infection
• general blood analysis
• biochemical blood testing
• internist examination
For the assessment of the patient’s psychological condition, a standard diagnostic examination implies psychodiagnostics (psychological tests that determine the level of addiction, the extent of the effect of taking benzodiazepines on mental health, whether there are signs of mental disorders, whether there is depression, what the degree of motivation for healing is, self-criticism and preservation of voluntary mechanisms.)
After diagnostics, the results are considered by a team of physicians to develop a strategy and treatment plan. In the event that the diagnosis reveals more serious deviations in the tests, the presence of a risk factor, or the patient has chronic accompanying illnesses, additional tests are organized as required, and therapy for the accompanying illnesses is prescribed. Depending on the problem, an MRT, EEG, ultrasound, X-ray, endoscopy, medicines and narcotics concentrations analysis, examinations of cardiologists, neurologists, endocrinologists, infectologists, etc. can be done. These additional tests are not included in the price of this treatment package and are charged additionally.
2.Detoxification – Depending on the diagnostic results, the appropriate opiate detoxification method, that is, the complex method that will give the best result is chosen for each patient individually. The complex method includes UBOD (ultra-rapid opiate detoxification), Neurojet (N.E.T.) therapy, pharmacotherapy, special infusions with vitamins, hepatoprotectors. It is extremely important for detoxification to be rapid, that the patient does not feel and suffer pain, that the patient’s sleep and appetite return to normal, that the patient’s mood becomes stable, that he no longer feels anxiety or depression.
- UBOD – Ultra-rapid detoxification is a modern and extremely effective method aimed at speeding up the process of cleansing the body and at the same time reducing the intensity of unpleasant crisis symptoms and shortening them. It is carried out when diagnosis is made that there are no contraindications for this type of opiates detoxification. During ultra-rapid detoxification, the patient is under anesthesia for 6 to 8 hours during the day, opiate antagonists are gradually introduced, usually naloxone or naltrexone, and in this way receptors are released from opiates.
The essence of ultra-rapid detoxification is that most of the crisis symptoms are overcome by the patient while asleep when he does not feel any pain. When he wakes up the strongest part of the crisis has already passed. Even if, after waking, there are some minimal crisis symptoms, their intensity is significantly reduced and can easily be eliminated by traditional analgesics. During the detoxification process, the patient undergoes 2 or 3 such procedures.
- N.Е.Т. – NeuroJet therapy is a method that uses NeuroJet device with special impulses to influence neurons in the brain responsible for secreting endorphin. Our natural protection against shock, pain, stress is based on natural opioids produced by neurons. When a person consumes narcotics, secretion of our natural opioids practically ceases.
Neuro jet is a small electronic device that normalizes the level of dopamine and endorphin in the brain. Neuro Jet stimulation is painless. The patient feels only slight tickeling and vibrations. The frequency and intensity of impulses is computer-controlled. Abstinence symptoms disappear within 15-20 minutes, i.e. their intensity decreases by 70-80%.
– Pharmacotherapy is one of the elements of opiates detoxification. Depending on the diagnostic results, a combination of medications is during detoxification which eliminates the basic symptoms of abstinence crises, preparations that comply with many standards of pain management and provide good protection against pain. Psychostabilizers, hypnotics, and antidepressants are used in case of irritability, dysphoria, bad mood, nervousness, insomnia. Due to the often disrupted diet, insufficient or excessive appetite, the therapy introduces ferments that facilitate the ability to assimilate food, amino acids, vitamins.
Also envisioned is the therapy for eliminating the consequences of the use of narcotics – inhalation for lung cleansing, special infusions with neurometabolics, nootropes for improving the brain exchange process with hepatoprotectors for liver regeneration. All preparations used in pharmacotherapy are safe and cannot create addiction.
3.Physiotherapy – Physiotherapy involves a combination of therapies – physical, medical or deep tissue massage. The massage has a soothing and relaxing effect. When a person goes through the process of rehab, dopamine levels are lower than those who are not addicts.
Massage helps to normalize the process of dopamine secretion in people going through the process of rehab. Massage also helps in opiates detoxification by accelerating blood and lymph circulation and thus speeding up the process of releasing toxic substances from the body. One session of physiotherapy is included in the cost of the treatment package. Every following session is paid 30 euros per session.
4.Pharmacological blockade – At the end of the treatment, a pharmacological block in the form of an implant (Naltrexone) is envisioned. The purpose of this procedure is to block the patient opiate receptors by Naltrexone activity, so taking heroin, tramal, methadone, the patient does not achieve euphoria and similar feelings and no relapse and return to drugs is provoked.
Naltrexone implants are not included in the price of the extended detox package and are chanrged additionally.
5.Monthly follow-ups – When the opiates detoxification is complete, the patient receives a discharge note with recommended therapy and advice to support stable abstinence. Regular monthly follow-ups are not included in the price of this treatment package.
Our program includes the transport of the patient from an airport or a station to our clinic as well as a return after treatment. At our clinic, doctors and nurses are available for patients 24 hours a day and seven days a week.
All doctors are certified anesthesiologists, psychiatrists and psychologists with 10-25 years of experience. The clinic employs more than 60 people. Security of patients and staff is taken care of by the security guard. The facility is also under video surveillance.
Patients are placed in comfortable rooms that have all the elements for a comfortable stay at our clinic. Rooms are cleaned twice a day. In free time, patients can use a living room, swimming pool, hot tub, gym and a gazebo. The clinic also has a safe in which patients can leave their personal belongings that should not be left in the rooms.
We can assist those foreign patients who need a visa with getting it. If patients from abroad have an escort, in the form of support, they can stay at our clinic at an extra charge.
Extended opiates detoxification program – Laboratory diagnostics, Detoxification, Physiotherapy lasts at least 7 days at the institute. If it is impossible to perform detoxification successfully, additional days are charged.