Detoxification from heroin is an important step in the treatment of addicts. Heroin is the oldest known psychoactive substance. Even the Sumerians consumed poppy, which produces heroin. What initial effect it brings is indicated by the name itself, because in the literal translation from their language, it has the meaning – “happiness”. The poppy’s magicalRead more
Facts about cocaine
Cocaine is different from other drugs as it does not cause physical addiction. It also does not cause an abstinence crisis like heroin.
Cocaine leads to a false increase in human strength, making people feel stronger, smarter and safer. When a person is on cocaine, he drinks more and it gives him false sexual power. Because of this, many men do not see anything bad about snorting a few lines while out with their friends. However, the problem arises when occasional consumption turns to many years of cocaine addiction that may even lead to impotence.
Cocaine addiction and symptoms
Already during the first contact with cocaine, the body experiences changes such as growth in tolerance and changes in reactivity.
Cocaine has a short effect, and once tried, it causes intense desire to be under its influence for as long as possible.
However, each subsequent dose reduces the intensity and duration of this substance. A man begins to lose control of his actions, begins to spend a lot of money and pushes himself to the edge of physical and mental devastation. At the end of the binge (a period of excessive indulgence in cocaine), a person feels the fall is near and a crash occurs, the state of the cocaine hangover. Then both body and mind need rest, but the disturbed internal balance does not allow a person to fall asleep.
This causes great psychophysical fatigue, nervousness and loss of concentration, and these symptoms are associated with some danger, threat, horror, and feeling that something bad will happen.
Later phases are characterized by frivolous ideas of being haunted. People become extremely paranoid for no reason, check all the corners of their rooms, watch the street through the window, as they think the police will arrest them, lock the door, and search for cameras and microphones certain that someone is eavesdropping on them.
When this period of paranoia passes, depression, apathy, and a sense of meaninglessness occur. Food loses taste and socializing with friends becomes an unnecessary obligation, work productivity and interest in hobbies is lost as there is neither desire nor energy for such activities.
The only thing that can bring joy to a person is cocaine, and only cocaine motivates him to go out again with friends and spend a crazy night marked with the use of cocaine. Unfortunately, it becomes much harder than it used to be only 2-3 days after the hangover.
A typical cocaine cycle looks like this: 1-2 days of intensive use, then crash, followed by 3-4 days of recovery during which cravings, depression and reuse of cocaine occur. As the time passes, the consequences of such cycles become more destructive and result in medical, social and financial problems, and symptoms such as paranoia, insomnia and nervousness become permanent.
A person feels periodic panic attacks and an unpleasant sensation in the stomach, and hand tremors and stuffy nose are constantly present.
Finally, the person understands that he cannot live normally because of the use of cocaine, but all attempts to stop are followed by failure and result in a relapse.
Some facts about cocaine
– Dr. Freud treated his friend, a morphine addicts, with cocaine, but the result of treatment was devastating. The man became addicted to cocaine, went crazy and shot himself.
– Cocaine which can be found in sales throughout Europe contains only 15-20% of cocaine. The other ingredients are amphetamine, mephedrone, lidocaine, strychnine and ephedrine, and sometimes even powder from mercury fluorescent lamps.
– Some people suggest turning to marijuana, alcohol, benzodiazepines and other sedatives to quit cocaine. Apparently, turning to these substances alleviates anxiety and allows people to get good sleep and recover, and the “best” drug for that is heroin. Unfortunately there are always people who will offer it “at a discount.” Many of our patients have become addicted to heroin in this way.
Health consequences of taking cocaine
Continued and frequent use of cocaine very often results in very unpleasant conditions, such as nervousness, irritability, mood swings, insomnia, paranoia, and delusional ideas of being haunted, hallucinations and distortion of hearing. Major medical complications are associated with the use of cocaine. Some of the most common include cardiovascular problems such as arrhythmia and heart attack; respiratory problems such as chest pain and respiratory failure; neurological problems such as stroke and headache; stomach problems such as abdominal pain and nausea. In addition to these mental disorders, after prolonged cocaine use, disorders of apparent behavior, increased impulse for movement and talking, impaired sitting, sensitivity to noise, confused states and rapid intellectual fatigue, impotence also occur.
The use of cocaine is associated with various heart diseases. Cocaine has been found to cause dangerous changes in heart rhythm; accelerated breathing; high blood pressure and body temperature. Physical symptoms include chest pain, nausea, blurred vision, fever, cramps and coma. Cocaine users often take this drug along with other psychoactive substances in order to reduce its stimulating effect or to reduce the calming effect of other psychoactive substances.
Of all combinations, alcohol is most commonly used with cocaine, especially in driving, which can be extremely dangerous. As both substances can damage the state of alertness and the ability to reason and influence the reaction time, they are a very dangerous combination. Cocaine is often used at the same time in combination with heroin (speedball), so that heroin can reduce unpleasant peaks of cocaine to some extent. Speedball is extremely dangerous because as it can easily lead to a failure in the work of heart or respiratory organs.
Different ways of taking cocaine can cause different consequences. If cocaine is snorted, it can lead to loss of sense of smell, nasal bleeding, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, nose mucous membrane irritation, which can lead to chronic inflammation, nose leakage. Oral intake of cocaine can cause severe bowel gangrene accompanied by reduced blood flow.
Intravenous cocaine users may have allergic reactions, either to the drug, or to some supplements found in street cocaine, which in severe cases can lead to death. Cocaine reduces the need for food, and many chronic cocaine users lose appetite, leading to a great weight loss.
Research has found out that it is dangerous to mix cocaine and alcohol. When combining these two substances, the body turns them into cocaethylene. The effects of cocaethylene last longer and are more toxic than any of these drugs individually. It is important to note that the mixture of cocaine and alcohol is the most common combination that results in death.
Abstinence crisis with cocaine
The process of adjusting the body to cocaine is quite fast and a short period of time is enough to get used to it, and when it happens, it is very difficult to stop using it. Quitting cocaine or reducing the dose is followed by many symptoms, both physical and mental.
Using cocaine causes a strong sense of euphoria, and reactions like instant happiness and joy are common. However, when interrupted, the body experiences a painful crash and craves for drugs.
The most common effects and symptoms of cocaine addiction include irritability, strong anxiety, paranoia, high blood pressure, fatigue, restlessness, severe heart problems and death. Cocaine not only changes the physical reactions, but also the psychological state of the addict. When an abstinence crisis occurs and the euphoria and the constant flow of “happy” neutrotransmitters are lost, the feeling of loss, helplessness and depressed mood take place. Many people experience suicidal thoughts, and the risk of suicide attempts is high during this period.
It is therefore crucial for the addict to be under control at that stage. The cocaine abstinence crisis does not provoke remarkable symptoms as is the case with heroin, and there are no difficulties such as vomiting and tremor. However, it is still very difficult to deal with the abstinence crisis without the assistance of experts. Contacting emergency services is increasing in frequency when it comes to cocaine addiction.
Treating cocaine addiction at VIP Vorobjev Clinic
When it comes to cocaine addiction, VIP Vorobjev Clinic includes several treatments or therapies:
Biochemical restoration is a critical aspect of cocaine addiction treatment. We are dealing with bio-chemical and neuro-chemical defects and imbalances in the brain and body resulting from the use of cocaine. In addition to psychotherapy and pharmacology, the treatment of our patients includes a special diet that is introduced after extensive laboratory testing. Dietary supplements may include vitamins, minerals, amino acids and other supplements that restore biochemical balance in the body.
At VIP Vorobjev Clinic, we seek to encourage immediate family members to join the family program during the treatment.
The struggle of one family member with addiction always affects the rest of the family. The engagement of the family is a key factor affecting the degree of long-term recovery success.
As far as cocaine addiction is concerned, ee at VIP Vorobjev Clinic are particularly focused on introducing our patients into a comprehensive relapse prevention program. This is important because the main challenge in treating cocaine addiction is not just quitting, but also returning to regular daily activities after the successful completion of the cocaine addiction rehabilitation program.
Testimony of our patient who underwent the cocaine addiction treatment
Treating cocaine addiction – Phases
Treatment begins with diagnostics (blood analysis, psychological tests to determine the level of desire for drugs, depression, nervousness).
The main part of our treatment is procedures that eliminate mental addiction. At this stage, methods of pharmacological correction, information therapy, and physiotherapy devices (audio-visual stimulation, NET therapy, laser) are used.
Measures are taken to improve the immunity and cell regeneration in the body. Usually during the institute treatment, the patient’s psychological state stabilizes (the desire for drugs, nervousness, depression are eliminated, sleep and appetite improves). Group psychotherapy, meditation, education, yoga, massages, walks, exercises, gym trainings are also planned.
After the discharge from the hospital, the outpatient phase of treatment lasts for a year. The patient takes the medications prescribed in the discharge note, observes all the rules of outpatient treatment. Every month he comes for a regular follow-up. In the event of a change in the condition, depression, or development of a desire for taking drugs, the patient immediately notifies the hospital to get additional recommendations. This treatment is administered in our clinic for a long time and in the case of good cooperation with the patient and his family, it leads to excellent results (we see this in the control surveys filled in by the patient together with the parents).
1.Diagnostics – the first and very important phase of treatment. The essence of the diagnostic is to assess the physical and psychological condition of the patient. For the assessment of the patient’s physical condition, a standard diagnostic examination includes:
• urine test
• tests for hepatitis B and C, HIV infection
• general blood analysis
• biochemical blood testing
• internist examination
For the assessment of the patient’s psychological condition, a standard diagnostic examination implies psychodiagnostics (psychological tests that determine the level of addiction, the extent of the effect of taking benzodiazepines on mental health, whether there are signs of mental disorders, whether there is depression, what the degree of motivation for healing is, self-criticism and preservation of voluntary mechanisms.)
After diagnostics, the results are considered by a team of physicians to develop a strategy and treatment plan. In the event that the diagnosis reveals more serious deviations in the tests, the presence of a risk factor, or the patient has chronic accompanying illnesses, additional tests are organized as required, and therapy for the accompanying illnesses is prescribed. Depending on the problem, an MRT, EEG, ultrasound, X-ray, endoscopy, medicines and narcotics concentrations analysis, examinations of cardiologists, neurologists, endocrinologists, infectologists, etc. can be done. These additional tests are not included in the price of this treatment package and are charged additionally.
2.The next step is the beginning of the treatment itself, which involves infusion and NeuroJet device treatment. Infusions include multivitamins, minerals, and the complex of amino acids, and in such a combination they improve metabolism, appetite, and patient restores his strength needed to continue treatment as therapies at our clinic are intense and strong, and therefore effective.
The NeuroJet device releases mildly vibrating electrical waves through the joints located on the neck of the patient, and the therapy is completely painless and helps to regulate endorphin and dopamine levels in the body, as well as overcome the first stages of the crisis when the patient withdraws from the substance.
3. The therapy then moves to eliminate the desire for cocaine at the subconscious level. This is done through information therapy. It implies that the patient in medical sleep undergoes audio-visual stimulation for a couple of hours, which he receives via the computer with the help of special headphones and glasses emitting high-frequency signals, for in the state of consciousness we can encounter a mental blockade (in the sense: I am not drug addict, I do not need it. Or, this does not help me at all, it does not work for me, etc.)
4. Hypnotherapy. It serves to get to the root of the addiction problem as during this state the patient’s subconscious itself gives guidance with the help of a psychologist to solve the problem. It is also used in patients who lose their motivation and desire to continue in the middle of their treatment and want to return to old habits. Then the psychologist tries to restore the patient’s power to control his own desire for substance and strengthen his psyche.
5. Psychotherapy, education and yoga. A part of the treatment that implies recovery at the psychological level. With the help of our psychiatrists and psychologists, patients build a defense mechanism against the substance itself and desire for it. The stuff works with patient daily, both on an individual and group level. In groups of people, they express their problems as consequences the substance has left on them. The patients are also educated about the given substances as well as about the consequences of long-term use of them, where aversion is created in the patient unconsciously.
6. Throughout the treatment, patients have the support of our physiotherapist, as in combination with all our therapies, physiotherapy gives excellent results. The body needs support to go through all the procedures our clinic provides to patients. It helps in relieving stress, accelerating the flow of blood through the body, thus accelerating the flow of therapy through the patient’s blood and giving it a faster and better effect.
7. The last therapy in the series is an aversion therapy, which, due to pharmacological substances, creates a physical aversion in the patient, repugnance at the drugs he used.
8. After all treatments, the patient is assessed for his condition, progress in recovery, and conditions before and after treatment in our clinic are compared.
9. Monthly follow-ups – Monthly follow-ups are included in the treatment program for one year, when the condition is reanalyzed by our professional doctors and the therapy is adjusted if necessary. Patients have the opportunity to express their problems and concerns, if any. Patients who are abroad and unable to come to regular follow-ups can contact us by phone or by e-mail
Our program includes the transport of the patient from an airport or a station to our clinic as well as a return after treatment. At our clinic, doctors and nurses are available for patients 24 hours a day and seven days a week. All doctors are certified anesthesiologists, psychiatrists and psychologists with 10-25 years of experience. The clinic employs more than 60 people. Security of patients and staff is taken care of by the security guard. The facility is also under video surveillance.
Patients are placed in comfortable rooms that have all the elements for a comfortable stay at our clinic. Rooms are cleaned twice a day. In free time, patients can use a living room, swimming pool, hot tub, gym and a gazebo. The clinic also has a safe in which patients can leave their personal belongings that should not be left in the rooms. We can assist those foreign patients who need a visa with getting it. If patients from abroad have an escort, in the form of support, they can stay at our clinic at an extra charge.
Cocaine addiction treatment and complete program – Laboratory diagnostics and exploratory psychological testing. Detoxification. Procedures for reducing mental addiction to drugs.
Information Therapy. Therapy using the audio-visual stimulation devices. Exercises with a special educator, education, planning of activities, development of protection mechanisms in the behavior against relapse. Pharmacotherapy. Psychotherapy (individual, group, family).