Detoxification from heroin is an important step in the treatment of addicts. Heroin is the oldest known psychoactive substance. Even the Sumerians consumed poppy, which produces heroin. What initial effect it brings is indicated by the name itself, because in the literal translation from their language, it has the meaning – “happiness”. The poppy’s magicalRead more
Ultra-rapid opioid detoxification (UROD) is a modern and highly effective drug detoxification method.
Ultra-rapid opioid detoxification (UROD) is a modern and highly effective method of drug detoxification. Currently, its popularity in the world is growing due to its high efficiency but also the high rate of relapse problems associated with more traditional detoxification methods. Any addict who tried to “wean” himself off drugs can testify that this can be a very painful and dangerous process.
The drug withdrawal process is far more ineffective in case of an abrupt attempt to stop taking opiates without medical help. On the other hand, withdrawal from opiates with the help of medicines, such as methadone or buprenorphine, relieves the symptoms of detoxification.
However, detoxification programs involving the replacement of opioids have two significant disadvantages. First, they increase the length of detoxification, which often makes the entire recovery process long and exhausting. Second, they include the use of opiates.
These two factors: the lengthy detoxification process and the reuse of opiates can greatly lead to the addict returning to drug use very quickly.
In contrast, ultra-rapid detoxification helps to reduce the intensity of symptoms and discomfort patients go through and at the same time to shorten the very period of treatment. Ultra-rapid detoxification combines the best of the two opposite approaches: the speed of the process itself with the relative painlessness of gradual detoxification.
The idea of ultra-rapid detoxification is quite simple. The patient is introduced into general anesthesia and is given an opioid antagonist, usually naltrexone or naloxone, to release opioid receptors. Naltrexone is an opioid antagonist used in the treatment of abstinence. Naltrexone efficiently blocks the effects of heroin and other opioids through competitive inhibition of receptors. Naltrexone has no effects of an opioid agonist so it cannot be abused.
In ultra-rapid detoxification, processes take place in sleep
In ultra-rapid detoxification, most of the crisis symptoms occur while the patient is under anesthesia and, therefore, he feels no pain or discomfort. When the patient wakes up, the physical symptoms of opiate cleansing are mostly gone. Ultra-rapid detoxification is a choice of many addicts. People who independently try to stop taking opiates, without medical help, experience severe psychological and physical changes.
They suffer from nausea, diarrhea, nose leaks, watery eyes, excessive sweating, muscle twitching, and other unpleasant symptoms. Their body temperature, breathing speed and blood pressure become elevated, making the detoxification process unbearable.
During ultra-rapid detoxification, patients are under 24-hour control.
Ultra-rapid detoxification helps patients go through the worst symptoms of abstinence crisis in the sleeping stage. Even if, at the time of awakening, some of the symptoms persist, their intensity is significantly reduced and easily controlled with pain killers.
Many addicts have a fear of abstinence crisis and therefore do not opt for the use of opiates, but with ultra-rapid detoxification, they can do it painlessly.
Ultra-rapid detoxification is the best option for patients who are long-term methadone, morphine sulfate, oxycontin and substitol addicts. With them, the physical symptoms of the abstinence crises last from 3 to 4 weeks, which is a very long period. However, ultra-rapid detoxification has a very high degree of success because it is painless, fast and represents the best chance for individuals to avoid severe physical and psychological symptoms of the abstinence crisis through which they must pass.