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Depression: Types, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Depression is a serious condition that causes one to feel sad and empty for no distinct reason. While grief and depression have a few things in common, they aren’t the same. When grieving, one can still experience positive emotions and happy memories. Depression, on the other hand, involves a loss of self-esteem, sadness, and self-loathing.

Studies have shown that depression contributes to more than 40,000 suicides annually in the United States. While depression is common among adults, it is worth noting that the condition can also affect children.

This article sheds light on the types and symptoms of mild and severe depression. The article also unveils the causes and treatments of depression.


What is Depression

Depression is a disorder that makes one experience a persistent feeling of emptiness and sadness; it is not the same as a mood swing. Someone can experience symptoms for a few weeks, or their whole life.

Types of Depression

Below is an overview of the three main types of depression:

Major Depressive Disorder — this is a serious type of depression that is associated with symptoms like chronic sadness, worthlessness, and emptiness.

Persistent Depressive Disorder— this is a mild form of depression. While it isn’t as serious as major depressive disorder, its symptoms usually linger for a long time.

Postpartum Depression — this type of depression usually affects women after childbirth. Studies suggest that 1 in 9 women will experience postpartum depression.

Causes of Depression

Depression is caused by a range of factors. Below are a few of them:

Family history
Hormone levels
Certain medical condition
Alcohol and substance abuse
Brain structure or chemistry

Risk Factors

Here are some common risk factors for depression:

Certain drugs — medications like corticosteroids and hormonal birth control can increase the risk of depression.
Sex — studies have shown that women are twice as likely to become depressed than men.
Vitamin deficiency — vitamin D deficient individuals may experience some of the symptoms of depression.

How is Depression Syndrome Diagnosed

To determine if a patient is suffering from depression, a healthcare practitioner will ask about the symptoms the patient is experiencing. There are special tests and diagnostic scales that can identify depression and determine the severity. A physical exam may be done afterward to learn about the patient's overall health.

Symptoms and Signs of Depression

Depression can affect every area of one’s life. Symptoms are classified into three main groups: behavioral, physical, and psychological.

Physical Symptoms

Below are some physical depression symptoms:

Back pain
Fatigue and constant tiredness
Belly pain
Joint pain
Digestion issues
Weight loss or weight gain

Psychological Symptoms

Below are the psychological symptoms of depression:

Sleeping issues
Thoughts of self-harm and death
Difficulty remembering things and concentrating
Loss of interest in hobbies
Feeling angry, sad, and empty

Behavioral Symptoms

Below are some of the behavioral symptoms of depression:

Frequent crying
Withdrawal from social activities
Angry outbursts
Frustration over small issues

Treatment Options for Depression

Below is an overview of the main treatments for depression:

Medical Treatment

To treat depression, doctors may recommend some medications. Here are a few of them:

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors
Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors
Tricyclic antidepressants
N-methyl D-aspartate


Psychotherapy is usually recommended for patients who need extra help to overcome their depression. Psychotherapy is the most effective way to treat depression because it not only affects the symptoms, but also helps to identify the cause of the condition. Studies suggest that psychotherapy can help improve the symptoms associated with depression.

Inpatient Treatment vs. Outpatient Treatment

Inpatient treatment centers for depression are perfect for people who are depressed and are struggling with gambling, overeating, lack of socialization, and suicidal thoughts. Outpatient treatment for depression is best suited for patients experiencing mild depression symptoms.

While both treatments are great, inpatient treatment is generally more effective; inpatient treatment offers more care and attention to the needs of patients.

Process and Stages of Depression Treatment in VipVorobjev Clinic

At the VipVorobjev Clinic, depression is treated in stages. Below is an overview of what happens at each stage:


Our experienced psychiatrists can help patients express their thoughts and fears. A group program is also available to give patients the support they need to overcome their issues.

Medical treatment

Antidepressant medications will be prescribed to patients. The drugs are effective and can address the condition permanently.


Supportive therapy is an important phase of treatment. Regular meetings with the physician and attendance at therapy groups help maintain the results of treatment and prevent relapse.

Is it Possible to Get Rid of Depression on Your Own

Yes, it is possible. Health experts don't recommend it, as you may not have the expertise to narrow down the root cause of the issue and the best way to solve the condition.

Average Duration of Treatment for Depression

The symptoms a patient is experiencing and the type of depression they are suffering from usually determine how long the treatment will last. On average, the treatment may last for 6-18 months.

Effectiveness of Depression Treatment

The treatments for depression are effective and can help people with mild to resistant treatment overcome the condition.

Cost of Depression Treatment

The type of treatment will usually determine the cost. For outpatient treatment, the cost will be somewhat lower than for inpatient treatment.


Our doctors have the best depression treatments that can help patients manage and overcome the condition. Regardless of the nature of the depression, our doctors will be able to prepare a comprehensive treatment plan.

Patents and Certificates

Our facility is DAACC (Drug, Alcohol, and Addiction Counselor Certified). Our specialists are highly trained and certified for depression treatment.


Our reviews have been positive because we go above and beyond to address the needs of our patients. Most of our previous patients were impressed with our facility, dedicated staff, and qualified doctors.

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