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Đorđa Čutukovića 48, Belgrade, Srbija
Information from 07:30h to 15:30h Monday – Sunday from 00h to 24h

Anxiety: Types, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

What are Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety is a normal emotional feeling that happens when a person is stressed about an upcoming event. It is a healthy feeling, but when a person starts fearing future events regularly, it becomes an anxiety disorder. Anxiety can cause physical symptoms such as a rise in blood pressure. Mild to moderate anxiety can be unsettling while severe anxiety disorders can affect a person’s life. Research and statistics show 264 million adults suffer from anxiety worldwide, out of which 179 million were females and 105 were males. 80% of patients with anxiety take treatment and are now living an anxiety-free life.

Anxiety

Types of Anxiety Disorders

Below are the following types of anxiety disorders:

Generalized anxiety disorder
Panic disorder
Social anxiety disorder
Specific phobias — fear of certain things, places, or situations
Agoraphobia — fear of public places
Obsessive-compulsive disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Separation anxiety disorder
Medication-related anxiety disorder
Selective mutism — this is an anxiety disorder expressed in unwillingness to engage in verbal communication in certain situations. Most often, these are social situations connected with publicity or large crowds of people, such as a kindergarten group, a school class, or developmental circles.

Anxiety Disorders Causes

There are many causes of anxiety disorders that vary from person to person. Some of them are:

Genetics
Environmental stress
Drug withdrawal syndrome
Hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism
Diabetes
Lung diseases such as asthma or COPD
Heart diseases
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Risk Factors

History of other mental health problems
Childhood trauma
Negative past life events
Child abuse
Low self-esteem
Alcohol or Substance abuse
Post-trauma condition
Chronic health disorders

How are Anxiety Disorders Diagnosed

An anxiety diagnosis is made on the basis of an individual’s conditions. Currently, there are no lab tests available to check for anxiety. The psychiatrist will ask a series of questions about the history and severity of anxiety. It’s important for a psychiatrist to know about the intensity of the anxiety.

Currently, the DSM-5 criterion is used to determine the type of anxiety.

Symptoms and Signs of Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders affect a person mentally and physically, resulting in changes in behavior. Signs and symptoms are as follows:

Psychological Symptoms

Fear
Trouble concentrating on things
Worries
Losing control of the mind
Overthinking
A feeling of being doomed
Increased alertness
Felling of dizziness
Feeling detached from others
Fear of dying
Depression
Sleep problems

Behavioral Symptoms

Physical Symptoms

Nausea
Uneasiness
Sweating of palms and feet
A Feeling of cold and chills
Breathing problems such as hyperventilation
Increased heartbeat
Heart palpitations
Weakness
Gastrointestinal hypermobility
Trembling
Loss of appetite
Dry mouth
Feeling sick
Panic
Avoidance of situations
Irritable behavior

Treatment Options for Anxiety Disorders

If a person suffers from the above signs and symptoms, that means he or she should consult a psychiatrist. Severe anxiety can impair a person’s life; a multi-professional integrated treatment is needed for the individual. Treatment includes medical treatments, psychotherapy, and natural remedies in an inpatient or outpatient department of a rehab center. These treatments are available at the VipVorobjev Clinic.

Medical Treatment

Medications are extremely effective in dealing with anxiety. Some of the best anxiety disorder medications are:

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
Tricyclic antidepressants
Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)
Benzodiazepines

Psychotherapy

Effective psychotherapy treatments for patients include:

Cognitive behavioral therapy
Psychological therapy
Counseling sessions
Family therapy
Supportive therapy
Personal development therapy

Natural Treatments for Anxiety

Natural treatments for anxiety can also be considered:

Prayer to God
Deep breathing exercises
Relaxation techniques
Diet modifications (increase in natural fruits and vegetables, for example)
Exercise in green areas such as a park
Acupuncture
Meditation
Yoga

Inpatient Treatment vs. Outpatient Treatment

Anxiety is a major issue arising in today’s world; treatment should be taken as soon as possible. Treatment is planned by the clinician depending on the graveness of the disorder; it can be either inpatient or outpatient treatment. Some of the pros and cons of inpatient and outpatient treatments are as follows:

Outpatient Anxiety Disorder Treatment

Inpatient Anxiety Disorder Treatment

The patient doesn’t need to be admitted to the hospital.

The patient has to be admitted to the hospital.

The patient can get treatment during OPD timing, from 8 A.M. to 2 P.M.

The patient is under specialist supervision 24-7.

The person can go home after 2 P.M.

The patient cannot go home after treatment.

The person can carry out his/her daily work.

The person cannot work; he or she is fully invested in treatment.

The person is psychologically satisfied that he or she has freedom.

The patient is focused; the treatment has a higher success rate.

The person can enjoy the company of friends.

The person can avoid the bad company that leads to anxiety.

The person can spend time with family.

The person can avoid family tensions that trigger anxiety.

Family and friends can take part in treatment in family and social therapy, respectively.

The patient is treated under the supervision of a multi-professional team.

The cost of the treatment is less than inpatient.

The cost is higher than inpatient, but has a higher success rate.

The person can earn money without quitting his job for treatment.

The person is given guidance about a new anxiety-free career.

Process and Stages of Anxiety Disorders Treatment in VipVorobjev Clinic

VipVorobjev Clinic is one of the best clinics that treat anxiety disorders in stages. The process and stages are as follows:

History of the patient The previous history of any mental disorder or anxiety duration is taken. The patient is also asked about the signs and symptoms he/she is suffering from to check the severity of the disease.

Blood sample and toxicology report Blood samples are taken to rule out any drug reaction that can cause anxiety and sent to the VipVorobjev laboratory.

Diagnosis of anxiety or any other anxiety disorder is made According to the history and toxicology report, and the signs and symptoms observations, a diagnosis is made.

Psychotherapy sessions After diagnosis, treatment is started in outpatient or inpatient departments from psychotherapy.

Cognitive behavioral therapy This helps the patient to understand the disease and gives positive hope to the patient.

Interactive group therapy This helps the patient to develop socially and mentally.

Natural anxiety relief methods application Natural methods such as exercise techniques are performed by the patient.

Post-treatment sessions and follow-upVipVorobjev Clinic gives its patients the offer of post-treatment sessions that help in the future.

Is it Possible to Get Rid of Anxiety Disorders on Your Own

Yes, it is possible to resolve anxiety on your own. The best treatment is to identify those factors that are causing anxiety, along with the avoidance of those factors. A person can adopt an environment that gives soothing effects to the brain. A person can also perform yoga and meditation therapies on his own. Deep breathing exercises and daily exercise on the ground also provide relief to the brain. A person can create a diet that is natural, including fruits and vegetables. These techniques can be performed by a person on his own and can be taken as at-home anxiety treatment; however, this will only help with episodic anxiety attacks. Serious anxiety disorders can only be treated with the help of a professional medical team.

Average Duration of Treatment for Anxiety Disorders

The average duration of treatment for anxiety is 12-16 weeks, but can be more depending on the severity of the symptoms. With regular treatment in a clinic such as VipVorobjev, the duration can be less than six weeks. Treatment without medication can take a much longer time. The duration of treatment also depends on the person’s willpower.

Effectiveness of Anxiety Disorders Treatment

Anxiety disorder treatments have high rates of success, as high as 70 percent. In clinic facilities such as VipVorobjev, the effectiveness of treatment can reach 85 percent.

A treatment is said to be effective if the person’s signs and symptoms are improving with time, and the dose of medicines are slowly reducing with time.

Cost of Anxiety Disorders Treatment

The cost of the treatment varies from clinic to clinic and whether or not the patient attends inpatient or outpatient treatment In a clinic such as VipVorobjev, the anxiety treatment costs aroundt 5500 €.

Doctors

In order to treat anxiety, we have the best facility and doctors at VipVorobjev. Our doctors include:

Psychiatrists
Psychologists
Neurologists
Addictologists
Hepatologists
Physiotherapists
Medicine physicians

Patents and Certificates

VipVorobjev Clinic is a DAACC (Drug, Alcohol, and Addiction Counselor certification) certified. We have the best psychiatrists that provide great treatment to rid you of anxiety.

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