Detoxification from heroin is an important step in the treatment of addicts. Heroin is the oldest known psychoactive substance. Even the Sumerians consumed poppy, which produces heroin. What initial effect it brings is indicated by the name itself, because in the literal translation from their language, it has the meaning – “happiness”. The poppy’s magicalRead more
Methadone belongs to synthetic drugs and leads to addiction that is a serious medical and social problem.
This synthetic opioid has strong analgesic effects that are usually associated with treating heroin addiction.
Methadone production began in Germany in 1937. and for the next 20 years it was used as a powerful analgesic for treating severe chronic pain. The chemical structure of this substance differs from natural opiates and its effect is more similar to that of morphine or heroin, but lasts much longer, from 24 to 36 hours. Methadone has the same characteristics as other opioids and is most commonly used in ORT (Opioid Replacement Therapy) to replace heroin or opiate analgesics (Vicodin, Oxycontin, Percocet) in case of addiction development.
Methadone causes less euphoria than other opioids, and therefore smaller doses are effective for alleviating the symptoms of abstinence crises and substance craving. However, if a higher dose is taken, the euphoric effect and feeling of well-being is noticeable, but it is much milder compared to that of heroin.
The main problem is that the methadone is very dangerous and causes mental and physical addiction. The abstinence crisis with methadone is more difficult than with any other substituting opioid.
A heroin addict can turn to methadone to avoid symptoms of abstinence crisis, but this is very problematic, as it often happens that people replace one kind of addiction with another, and because of that, methadone therapy is a very controversial issue.
It is a great disappointment when a person becomes addicted to something that was supposed to help him overcome addiction.
Signs of methadone addiction. This substance can be abused in several ways:
– Use of methadone in combination with heroin;
– Use of methadone in combination with other medicines or alcohol;
– Lying to the doctor about the symptoms of the abstinence crisis in order to obtain a higher dose of methadone;
– The use of methadone in doses higher than prescribed;
– Buying streets methadone.
When treating addiction, methadone is administered by oral route. It can also be injected intravenously to produce stronger effects. The typical symptoms experienced by addicts that are associated with opioid intoxication are the feeling of inner comfort, relaxation, warmth, drowsiness, a feeling of pleasant weight in the body, emotional separation, reduced body temperature, drop in blood pressure, slowing down of heart rhythm and breathing.
Symptoms of long-term use of methadone include skin rash, itching, increased sweating, chills, muscle and joint pain, stomach cramps, nausea, obesity, chronic constipation, irregular menstrual cycles, decreased sex drive and cavity.
Treating methadone addiction
The first step in treating methadone addiction is the desire of addicts to quit the substance and to realize that he cannot do it alone. The most effective way to do methadone detoxification is within a special disorder treatment hospital.
When it comes to methadone detoxification, there are two variants. The first implies gradual reduction of doses under medical supervision. This detoxification method is quite long, painful, and often unsuccessful due to the severity of symptoms of abstinence crises that occur when the methadone level is reduced to a certain level.
Another detoxification option is Rapid Opioid Detoxification (ROD). Rapid detox is an indispensable phase for many people in recovering from methadone addiction. Using ROD, cleansing the body from opioids is achieved using Naloxone and Naltrexone.
Under anesthesia and during the procedure (which lasts for 6-8 hours), the addict has no symptoms of abstinence crisis, but they occur later. It is therefore considered that rapid detoxification significantly reduces the recovery time compared to the traditional one and is also more comfortable to bear.
The knowledge and experience of our professional medical personnel, licensed doctors, anesthesiologists and nurses have enabled us to successfully perform rapid opioid detoxification and effectively treat methadone addiction for more than 15 years.